Projected ocean warming constrained by the ocean observational record

Nature Climate Change, Published online: 13 September 2021; doi:10.1038/s41558-021-01151-1

Ocean heat content is increasing, yet projections have not been constrained by observations. Using Argo data and CMIP6 models shows high climate sensitivity models overestimate increases; constrained projections estimate sea-level rise, from 0 to 2,000 m thermal expansion, of 17–26 cm by 2081–2100.